This is an easy and condensed list of the things I do and do not do on the natural farm. Here I do not give reasons for why I am doing it as the reasons why can be understood from the many other posts on the blog.
First of all the things I do not do:
No plowing, nor tilling.
No fertilizers, neither chemical nor organic.
No chemicals. No herbicides and so on.
No burning of brush, mulch, or any other kind of burning (except for limited burning to make biochar)
No cutting of wild trees.
- No dependence on heavy machinery.
For the things I do do:
Selective weeding. Cutting only aggressive or dominant weeds and allowing less dominant, slow-growing weeds to stay.
Spreading weeds. In accordance with selective weeding, saving weed seeds of less dominant weeds and sowing them in other locations to combat aggressive weeds. Once the less dominant weeds become the new dominant weeds they are cut as well.
Chop and drop. Cutting weeds and dropping them in place as mulch.
Mulching. I gather coconut leaves and fallen branches from the forest and use them as mulch and nurse logs. I also mulch with grasses and weeds.
Passive “Do nothing” compost. I have a compost pile that is only reserved for kitchen scraps. Nothing else from the farm goes in it. The pile is never turned, and the compost never spread on the land. Instead, trees are growing around the compost pile to shade the compost and to receive the nutrients from the compost. I call it effortless or “Do nothing” compost.
Allowing wild trees to grow. Weeds are cut around wild trees that pop up and are allowed to grow. The wild trees usually arrive from birds or the wind, but sometimes I actively gather seeds from the forest and spread them on the land.
Pruning and cutting wild trees when it is their time. Once a wild tree grows big enough and shades out too many crops or fruit trees it is heavily pruned or cut and the wood is used as mulch and fertilizer for the surrounding trees.
The results of my practices are in short: